Mrs. Newmark's Page of History, Government, and Politics


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Question of the Week - APUSH and GoPo

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AP Euro America at War

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Links on Government and Politics


AP United States History

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Links on United States History


AP European History

Lesson Units

Links on European History


America at War

Lesson Units

Links on the Revolution and Civil War


Advanced United States History

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Links on United States History


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My Background

More on History

Quotations About History

What Historians Do

This Day in U.S. History


Links to Stupendous Sites

AP History Help Revolutionary America


The Age of Jackson and Reform


The Great Depression Military History 
Videos The Constitution, Law and Supreme Court Sectionalism World War II  General Links on American History
The Civil War
Explorers Presidents The End of the 19th Century, World War One and the Roaring Twenties  From World War II to the Present Educational Resources
Colonial America Early US History: Building a New Nation


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Advanced Placement Help

Sites of A. P. Teachers and other help

Khan Academy Videos

Mr. Steve Mercado of Chaffee High School - lots of links

AP notecards, outlines of history, testing tips and links

History - Ms. Susan Pojer of Horace Greeley High School in N.Y

Terry Jordan of Orange High School

Greg Felmuth at Polytechnic School in Pasadena - Quizzes, charts, and outlines

Keith Wood of Murray High School

Mr. Hyman from Fort Myers, FL

Grant Conway at Winston Churchill HS

Mr. Anthony Perno

Mr. Tom Traynor of Greensburg, PA

Mr. Steve Armstrong

Online Student Collaborative

Student-Created Support Site

Online Quizzes

History Ms. Susan Pojer

Quizzes to go with every unit for the textbook, American Pageant

Sample Test Questions from Mr. Terry Jordan

Quizzes from Gary Felmuth

CMHS Online Tests

America: A Concise History by James A. Henretta, David Bordy and Lynn Dumenil

The American Pageant by Thomas A. Bailey, David M. Kennedy, Lizabeth Cohen

The American Nation by John Garraty

The American People by Gary Nash

Prentice Hall Review of American History and Government

Study Aids

Cram          Packet

U.S. History Notecards

DBQ Tutorial

Election Maps

Political Parties Overview

College Board - AP History Site: DBQ Tutorial and Sample Essays with Comments

AP History Notes - notes on each chapter to go with the textbook, American Pageant

History Links from Tennessee Tech - Super list of links

A HyperHistory of the United States - online textbook, biographies, essays from colonial times to present

An Abridged History of the United States - Online Textbook by William Brinton

Time Page History Links - Links to every era of American history

US History for AP Students - test-taking tips and links


Columbus' Lost Voyage - Part 1 of 10

After the Mayflower: We Shall Remain - PBS Documentary

History of Native American Indians - Part 1 of 4

A New Adam - from the PBS series, "God in America" - about the First Great Awakening

Secrets of the Founding Fathers - Part 1 History Channel Documentary

One Nation Under Law - Part 1 PBS Documentary

Tecumseh's Vision: We Shall Remain - PBS Documentary

Thomas Jefferson - Ken Burns Documentary - Part 1 of 9

First Invasion: War of 1812 - History Channel Documentary - Part 1

The War of 1812 - PBS Documentary

A New Eden - from the PBS series, "God in America" - about the Second Great Awakening

Prohibition - Clips from the Ken Burns documentary covering the Temperance movement in the 19th century through the beginning and ending of Prohibition

Dolley Madison - PBS Documentary

Andrew Jackson - History Channel Documentary - Part 1 of 10

The Trail of Tears: We Shall Remain - PBS Documentary

The Donner Party - PBS Documentary

The Mormons: from Joseph Smith to today - PBS Documentary

Mexican American War - History Channel Documentary - Part 1 of 6

A Nation Reborn - from the PBS Series "God in America" - religion and the Civil War

Sherman's March - History Channel Documentary - Part 1 of 5

Robert E. Lee - PBS Documentary

The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln - PBS Documentary

Aftershocks - History Channel Documentary about life after the Civil war - Part 1 of 9

Ku Klux Klan - A Secret History - Part 1 of 9

Transcontinental Railroad - Part 1 of 5

The Real Wild West - History Channel Documentary - Part 1 of 4

Wyatt Earp - PBS Documentary

Buffalo Bills - PBS Documentary

The Brooklyn Bridge - Ken Burns Documentary - Part 1 of 6

Geronimo: We Shall Remain - PBS Documentary

Spanish American War in the the Philippines - Part 1 of 5

The Spanish American War - Media Rich Learning

Teddy Roosevelt - History Channel Documentary - Part 1 of 22

The Panama Canal - PBS

A New Light - from the PBS Series, "God in America" - about religion in the Gilded Age and Progressive Era from the beginnings of Reformed Judiaism to t William Jennings Bryan and the Scopes Trial

The Progressive Era

The Great San Francisco Earthquake

Triangle Fire - PBS Documentary

World War I Documentary - Part 1 of 104 parts

Secrets of World War I - Part 1 of 5 from the History Channel

The Great War: Stalemate - Episode 1

World War I Documentary - 25 hour documentary

World War I - Supporting the War

Influenza 1918 - PBS Documentary

The Great Famine - American relief efforts to relieve starvation in 1921 Soviet Russia

Prohibition and the Mafia - Part 1 of 3

Amelia Earhart - PBS Documentary

The Crash of 1929 - PBS Documentary

Seabiscuit - PBS Documentary

Riding the Rails during the Depression - PBS Documentary

Surviving the Dust Bowl - PBS Documentary

FDR - PBS Documentary

The Civilian Conservation Corps - PBS Documentary

The Great Depression - Media Research Learning

The Hurricane of 1938 - PBS Documentary

World War Two - Media Rich Learning

World War II Documentary - Part 1 of 130

Germany 1933 - 1939 - Part 1 of 5

World War II with Walter Cronkite: The Seeds of War - Part 1 of 11

The Story of the Third Reich - Part 1 of 15

WWII: Behind Closed Doors - Stalin, the Nazis, and the West - Part I

Bloodiest Battle in History: Stalingrad - Part 1

Stalin: The Real History - History Channel Documentary, part 1

Escape from Auschwitz - PBS Documentary

The Bombing of Germany - PBS Documentary

Victory in the Pacific - PBS Documentary

The Post-War Years - Media Rich Learning

Harry Truman - PBS Documentary

The Lobotomist - PBS Documentary

The Polio Crusade - PBS Documentary

MLK: A Call to Conscience - PBS Documentary

The Soul of America - from the PBS series, "God in America" about religion post-World War II, important Supreme Court decisions

Emmett Till - Documentary - Part One

Freedom Riders - PBS Documentary

The Trials of J. Robert Oppenheimer - PBS Documentary

The Kennedys - PBS Documentary

Sixties: JFK - Part 1 of 3 Media Rich Learning

LBJ - PBS Documentary

LBJ - Part 1 of 2 from Media Rich Learning

The Great Society - a PBS Documentary

The Great Society - from the LBJ Library

Vietnam: A Television History

Medgar Evers - Part 1 Civil Rights Heroes

Roads to Memphis: the assassination of Martin Luther King - PBS Documentary

1968 - Part 1 of 6 of Documentary

My Lai: the 1968 massacre in Vietnam - PBS Documentary

Richard Nixon - PBS Documentary

Watergate Documentary - Part 1 of 30

The Reputation of Richard Nixon - Part 1 of 10

Biography of Henry Kissinger - Part 1 of 7

The actual Frost/Nixon interviews - Part 1 of 6

The Stonewall Uprising - PBS Documentary

Wounded Knee: We shall Remain - PBS Documentary

Earth Days: the story of the environmental movement - PBS Documentary

A Class Apart - murder in a small Texas town that became a landmark civil rights case

Jimmy Carter - PBS Documentary

Roberto Clemente - PBS Documentary

The Living Weapon - PBS Documentary on the race to develop biological weapons

Ronald Reagan - PBS Documentary

Of God and Caesar - from the PBS series, "God in America" - about evangelicals in the 1980s, issues of religion and state

George H.W. Bush - PBS Documentary

History Detectives: the PBS Show

The Congress - Ken Burns Documentary - Part 1 of 8

Cold War: Detente - Part 1 of 5

Ronald Reagan - PBS Documentary

Nancy Reagan: The Role of a Lifetime - PBS Documentary

The Cold War - Documentary from Media Rich Learning

The Cold War: From World War to Cold War - Part 1

The Cold War: Containment - Part 2 - Part 1 of 2

The Cold War: Red Star Rising - Part 3

The Cold War: Reds Under the Bed - Part 4 Part 1 of 2

The Cold War: Confrontation or Peaceful Coexistence - Part 5 - Part 1 of 2

The Cold War: Cracks in the Curtain - Part 6

The Cold War: Third World Wars - Part 7

The Cold War: Kennedy and Crises - Part 8

The Cold War: Detente - Part 9

The Cold War: The Evil Empire - Part 10 - Part 1 of 2

The Cold War: The Wall - Part 11


European Voyages of Exploration - great site with links to information about European explorers

Where did Columbus land? - explores the questions surrounding where Columbus made landfall

North Carolina's First Inhabitants - text on NC's first colonists 12,000 years before Roanoke

Where Conquistadors Went in North America - Extensive information on De Soto and links to other explorers

Conquest and History Links - Lots of links about early explorers and Native Americans

Discovers' Web - Some nice person has attempted to provide links to all the information on the web about voyages of discovery

A Talk by Jared Diamond - Why did human history develop differently on different continents for the last 13,000 years?

A discussion of Jared Diamond's Guns, Germs and Steel - a review by a professor of economics

A review of Guns, Germs and Steel -An ingenious attempt to explain differences in achievement

Another review of Guns, Germs and Steel - From For a Change Magazine

Return to the Top

Colonial America

Pilgrims and Puritans - background essay on the subject

Our English/Puritan Heritage - Background on events in England leading to immigration of Puritans

Mayflower Web Page - All sorts of information on the Mayflower. Find out if you had an ancestor on the Mayflower

The Massachusetts Bay Colony - History of the colony

Jamestown Uncovered - Article on the interesting discoveries from recent archaelogical excavations at Jamestown

Jamestown Rediscovery Project - Information about excavating Jamestown and history of the colony

Captain John Smith - interesting article

John Smith - information about his role in Jamestown

The Real Pocahontas - article with links to information about John Smith, John Rolfe and Powhatan

The Establishment of Jamestown and Decline of Indian Power - college essay

Archiving Early America - has primary source materials

Early History of Rhode Island - history from earliest Indian tribes to information about Roger Williams

Salem, Massachusetts Site - Information about the Salem Witch Trials

Salem Witchcraft Hysteria - National Geographic interactive site

Witchcraft in Salem Village - Great site with primary documents, trial documents, narratives, maps

Salem Witch Museum - background information

Chronology of Salem Witch Trials - From the Memorial Site

Salem Witchcraft Trials - information on the trials, chronology of events and evidence

Witchcraft in Salem Village - information about the background to the trials and the evidence used at trial

The Salem Witch Conspiracy - articles written by descendants of two of the accused including Rebecca Nurse

17th Century Colonial New England - Sites with emphasis on Salem Witch Trials including a comparison of the play, The Crucible, and the facts

Anne Hutchinson - Article with biographical information and her relevance to women today

Anne Hutchinson - high school essay

William Penn - Biographical information

William Penn - Good information

James Oglethorpe - Lecture given at Oxford

Cycles of American History/Colonial Period - Has links to many sites on Colonial America. Excellent starting point

Historical Highlights of North Carolina - Information about early NC settlers

Sir Walter Raleigh - Biographical Information

First English Settlement in the New World - Information on Roanoke, Grenville and Lane's colony and Jamestown

Journal of Early America Review - Online magazine with articles about early America

Founding the American Colonies - Has links to information on the original 13 colonies

Colonial American History Online - Has links to sites related to Colonial America

Virtual tour of Historic Philadelphia - Tour Philadelphia while sitting at home

Colonial Kids - Think Quest web page to learn about life in colonial times

United States -1600-1775 - More sites on Colonial America than you can shake the proverbial stick at (but why would you want to?)

American History Sources for Students - Many links to sites relating to the Colonial Period

An Outline of American History - Hypertext history of the Colonial Period

Migrations - A multimedia course exploring the migrations of Europeans and Africans onto Native American lands

Amerindian Migrations and Population Decline 1500-1700 -article

Justice in the Colonies - article from Colonial Williamsburg site on how the colonists dealt with criminals

Curious Punishments of Bygone Days- information on punishments such as the ducking stool and the pillory

The Atlantic Slave Trade - Library of Congress exhibit and article

The Middle Passage - Evidence to use for debate

Slave Narratives - texts of experiences of slaves from 17th century to emancipation, description of the slave trade by slave traders and the memories of a slave kidnapped at age six

The History of Slavery: 1619 - 1789 - Detailed article and chronology about the early years of slavery in America

The Economics of the Slave Trade - Article

Chronicling Black Lives in Colonial New England - article from The Christian Science Monitor

Black History in New Hampshire - Chronicles the history of blacks in NH from their first arrival in Portsmouth

Slavery in the Early American Colonies - article on the roots of slavery

Colonial African-American Life - article from Colonial Williamsburg site

Original 13 Colonies - LInks to information on each colony

13 Original Colonies - Information on the founding of each colony and comparing them

Original 13 Colonies - More links

The United States and New Netherland - Hypertext essay on the history of the Dutch in America

Religion and the Founding of the American Republic - Library of Congress exhibition and articles

Net's Colonial America - Lots and lots of links

Return to the Top

Revolutionary America


General Sites

Revolutionary War links - Multitudinous sites on the Revolution

18th Century History - Comprehensive site on world history by decade in the 18th century

Revolutionary - Claims to have a list of links second to none on the Revolution. A great resource

Internet Resources on the Revolution - Lots of links relating to causes, battles, maps, famous people

American Veterans: The American Revolution - Pictures, statistics and battle summaries

More Revolutionary War links - exactly what I said

American Revolution Home Page - timeline, battle histories and extensive biographies of key figures

Even More Links for the Revolution - Lots of links

An Outline of History - Hypertext on events leading up to the Revolution

Sons of America Revolution - Summary of the Revolution and links to articles from their journal

The Revolution Year by Year - History of the Revolution with links to more information

Links to The Revolutionary War - lots of links

America's Revolutionary War - Hypertext history of the causes of the war and major battles

A Journey towards Freedom - Online discussion for students and teachers, links, games

The History Place: American Revolution - Background and details about the American Revolution plus tips on writing a research paper

Liberty - Companion to the PBS Series with summary of events and a game you can play to test your knowledge of events

NM's Revolution - Links to sites about the American and French Revolutions

Return to Revolutionary War Directory

French and Indian War

French and Indian War Magazine - Lots of information

The French and Indian War - Links to information on the war

The French and Indian War - Electric Library Encyclopedia article

The Seven Years War Website - Articles and links

The French and Indian War - List of links from GeoCities

The French and Indian War: A History - story of the war year by year

French and Indian War's Impact on America - Essay from online textbook

Colonel Benjamin Franklin - article about Franklin's role in French and Indian War

Return to Revolutionary War Directory

Countdown to Revolution

Sugar Act and Stamp Act - background information

Captain Thomas Preston's Account of the Boston Massacre - Also link to an anonymous account, and John Hancock's speech

Paul Revere's Etching of the Boston Massacre - Background Information

Essay on Boston Massacre - Tribute to Crispus Attucks

Boston Tea Party - short history with some hyperlinks

The Regulators of North Carolina - site devoted to this lesser known battle that served as a preface to the Revolution

Return to Revolutionary War Directory

Declaration of Independence

World Quest: Declaration of Independence - Summary of events leading up to the Declaration and background on the signers

The Declaration: A Bill of Indictment Against the King - Hyperlinked summary of events leading to the Declaration A User's Guide to the Declaration of Independence - Great site with history, discussion of issues involved, timeline, biographies

Writing the Declaration - John Adams' memories of how Jefferson came to write the Declaration

US History.Org - information on historic Philadelphia hosted by Independence Hall

Colonial Hall - Biographies of all the Signers of the Declaration of Independence, trivia questions on the Declaration

Return to Revolutionary War Directory

Battles and Military History

Battles of the Revolution - Information on selected battles

Awesome Links on the Revolution - Links on causes of the Revolution, Boston Massacre, famous people, maps, Declaration of Independence, Continental Congresses, etc. It's all here.

Canadian Forces College - more links and military history

Tactical and Weapons of the Revolutionary War - short overview

The Continental Army - Online book from the Center of Military History

Battles of Lexington and Concord - Outline of American History

Battles of Trenton and Princeton - Nice summary

Drums Along the Mohawk - Nice site with information on the Revolution in New York State and biographies of individuals on both sides

History of the Battle of Saratoga - primary sources, biographies of people involved

Battle of Saratoga - Information from the Battlefield site and map of the battle

Battle of Saratoga - From Worcester Polytechnic Institute, includes military analysis

Battle of Monmouth - summary

Cowpens - Articles abut people involved in the battle from the historic site web page

The Southern Campaign - short summary

The Battle of Guilford Courthouse - one man's website

Battle of Yorktown - Timeline and analysis

Yorktown - short articles on the battle with timelines

Yorktown Site - summary and timeline and information on the battle

The Navy during the Continental Period - History of the Navy from the revolution to 1890 from the Naval Historical Center

Return to Revolutionary War Directory

Maps of Battles and Campaigns

Maps of National Battlefields Sites - arranged alphabetically

Maps of the Revolution - selected battle sites

Military Battles and Campaigns - historic maps

Return to Revolutionary War Directory

Famous People

Ethan Allen - Hypertext biography

The Enigma of Benedict Arnold - Article from Early America Review

Benjamin Franklin - from Franklin Institute; has biography

Benjamin Franklin - from Franklin Institute with emphasis on his scientific work

Nathanael Greene - Nice website with biography

A Biography of Alexander Hamilton - Good information

Thomas Jefferson - Monticello site

Thomas Paine's The Crisis - college essay

Mount Vernon's Educational Resources - biography of George Washington

Biography of George Washington - Online book

How George Washington and his spectacles saved the American Republic - article

Brief Informational stories - short stories on Nathan Hale, Patrick Henry and Benjamin Franklin

Sons of Liberty: Patriots or Traitors - article

The Revolution's Black Soldiers - Summary with some links

A Scholar's Showcase - Essays on the Revolution from the role of Blacks in the Revolution to portrayals of lesser known figures in the Revolution


Return to Revolutionary War Directory


Women and the Revolution

Notable Women Ancestors - click on names of notable women to find out more about roles individual women played during the Revolution

Amazing Women of the Revolution - story of Deborah Samson

Unruly Women - article about two women involved in the Revolution

Women and the Revolution - short overview

Captain Molly - Story of first woman to be wounded in the Revolution

Deborah Samson - essay from the Massachusetts Historical Society

Return to Revolutionary War Directory


History of Spying during the Revolution - Good information on Intelligence techniques, personalities, and intelligence operations. Published by the CIA

Spies and the Revolution - Stories of spies and primary documents

Was the American Revolution a Revolution? - good essay

Little Known Facts of the Revolution

A Revolutionary Simulation - A Think Quest game that lets you simulate the role of being a commander in the Continental Army

What if the American Revolution Had Been Avoided? - Alternate History

Return to Revolutionary War Directory

Return to the Top

The Constitution, Law and Supreme Court

The Founders' Constitution - Excellent site that gives detailed background of every aspect of the Constitution

United States Supreme Court Collection - Biographies of current members

Signers of the American Constitution - National Archives site with biographies of everyone who signed the Constitution

Cornell Supreme Court Site - Searchable Site of Supreme Court Cases: search by topic

Supreme Court Cases - Summaries of the main issues and the decisions involving important Supreme Court Cases

Famous Constitutional Cases - selected links to significant cases

Oyez Page - Search for Supreme Court Cases

FindLaw Constitutional Law Center - Documents relating to the Constitution and early US history, Supreme Court decisions

FindLaw First Amendment Cases - Index of Supreme Court cases dealing with issues arising from the First Amendment

First Amendment Cyber Tribune - Site devoted to issues arising from the First Amendment

American Civil Liberty Union - Page has links to issues such as abortion, racial equality, AIDS, student rights, women's rights, etc. The ACLU has a decidedly liberal slant but the information is good

Students' Rights - American Civil Liberties Union page with information touching on issues relating to students

The Freedom Forum - Information on issues dealing with freedom of the press

Justice Web Site - Devoted to Supreme Court rulings on Capital Punishment

American Civll Liberties Union and the Death Penalty Info - Links to articles and sites about the Death Penalty

Famous Trials - information about some of the most famous cases in American history; they also have trivia games on famous cases and the Bill of Rights

James Madison: Godfather to the Constitution - article from Early America Review

Web Guide to the Constitution - Links to articles on the Web about the Constitution tied to the specific article or amendment

The US Constituiton.Net - Wonderful site with answers to Frequently Asked Questions (over 90), relation to current events, in depth discussions of selected topics, searchable

The Constitution of the United States: Its Sources and Applications- great site on the history, hyperlinks, explanation of issues connected to the constitution, landmark cases

A More Perfect Union - history of the constitutional convention

Washington Post - Links to articles from the newspaper dealing with Supreme Court issues

Guide to the Supreme Court - Information on history of the court, procedures, current cases and justices

Virtual Supreme Court - University of Pennsylvania Law School page with online discussion of the term limits case

Court TV Online - Information about cases that Court TV is following including many that deal with constitutional issues

The Missing 13th Amendment - Interesting historical find and interpretation of its implications

Constitutional Issues: Suite 101 - Links to sites that deal with constitutional issues

Return to the Top



C-Span - Find out out over 50 historians rated the presidents. Click on "Overall Results" to find out how the presidents rate or pick individual presidents to find how they rated on a list of 10 qualities.

WSJ Ranking of the Presidents - The Wall Street Journal's ranking of the presidents with articles on overrated and underrated presidents

Lists of US Presidents - Information on presidents grouped by subject area such as Zodiac signs, military service, or who survived assassination attempts. This is a great way to find the answer to Questions of the Week.

Which Presidents the Presidents like - article with several interesting quotes of presidents on other presidents

Rating the Presidents is Bunk - article criticizing the trend of finding the greatest of anything

POTUS: Presidents on the Internet - Lots of information on election results, cabinet members, significant events during our 43 presidents' terms

Members of the President's Cabinet - List of President George W. Bush's Cabinet

Presidents on the Net - Links to everything you could ever want to know about the Presidency and specific presidents

EC Online - Everything you need to know about the Electoral College and a defense of the system

Outline of American History - Biographies of all the Presidents

Useless facts about the Presidents

The White House Page - biographies of all the presidents and information about the White House

The American Experience: The Presidents - information on selected 20th century presidents

The American Presidency - Grolier online encyclopedia links about presidents

POTUS: Internet Public Library on Presidents - links to biographies, documents, audio and video files.

Grolier's Encylopedia on the Presidency - Articles about the power of the presidency

Return to the Top

Early United States History: Building a New Nation

Washington's Farewell Address - also you can click on where it says Historical Documents and see other important documents such as the Declaration of Independence, MLK's speech, Gettysburg Address

George Washington: Founding Father - PBS site with biographical information and links to documents written by Washington on religious liberty and slavery

Rediscovering George Washington - PBS site for documentary

Alexander Hamilton Page - Lots of information

Biography of Alexander Hamilton - From early career to his death in the duel

The Duel - Site from the PBS documentary about the about the duel between Hamilton and Burr

Thomas Jefferson - links on Jefferson

Into the Unknown - PBS site on the Lewis and Clark expedition - online game

Lewis and Clark Expedition - links relating to the expedition

The Long March of Lewis and Clark - article from Wild West Magazine

Sacajawea - Article

James Madison Site - Biographical information, links and quiz

The War of 1812 - information and links about that war

War of 1812 - Military History Site with lots of links

War of 1812 - Great site with biographies of people involved in the war and information on important battles as well as quizzes that you can take

Military Heritage Site on War of 1812 - Has trivia, quizzes, articles and animated battles

War of 1812 - Thinkquest created site to teach about the war with interactive quizzes

How Much do you know about the War of 1812? - Interactive quiz

War of 1812 Links Page

Old Hickory's Finest Hour - detailed history of Battle of New Orleans

James Madison Web Site - LInks to primary documents and biography

The Age of Jackson and Reform

General Sources

19th Century - Huge list of links from AOL

Tales of the Early Republic - Site devoted to US during Jackson's time

19th century periodicals - search by subject

The Avalon Project from Yale University - Lots of 19th century documents

Tales of the Early Republic - lots of links to primary and secondary sources

Readings on Jacksonian America- lots of primary sources on a multitude of topics

Exploring Tocqueville - C-Span site with excerpts from his writing and a map of his journey

Democracy in America - Online Hypertext

Journal of a Residence and Tour of the United States - online text of a visit by a European who stayed mostly in free Black communities and wrote of his experiences there. Scroll the Table of Contents - there's something for ervery subject here.

Eyewitness to History - Experience events through the words of those who witnessed it: covers American history from the 18th century to the present

Black Quest Power Links - African American History, Culture and Black Studies Resources

Jackson Miscellanies - Site devoted to primary documents and analysis from Jackson's presidency

Andrew Jackson's Presidency

Andrew Jackson - links on Jackson from Red Rock Elementary

A campaign biography of Andrew Jackson

Andrew Jackson and the Bank - essay

Henry Clay: An Online Tribute - timeline and portraits

Margaret Bayard Smith describes Jackson's inauguration

Daniel Webster writes of Jackson's arrival in Washington

Jacksonian and Jeffersonian Democracy

The Abolitionist Movement

Essay on Slavery by George E. Channing 1841

Map - Percentage Enslaved 1820 and 1840

My Bondage and Freedom by Frederick Douglass 1855

The Narrative of Sojourner Truth - 1850

Exploring Amistad - Site devoted to the slave revolt aboard the Amistad

Amistad Page - many links

Amistad Site - Information on the favorite case as well as on the copyright case against the Spielberg movie

John Quincy Adams' Speech before the Supreme Court

The Supreme Court's Decision in the Amistad Case

The Gilder Lehrmen Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and Abolition - has lots of primary documents

The Confessions of Nat Turner

Uncle Tom's Cabin and American Culture - an amazing multi-media archive with the full text online plus links to all sorts of material, including texts, songs, and movie clips, relating to the period

William Lloyd Garrison's Opening Editorial for the Liberator

Freedom's Journal - the first African American newspaper 1827

David Walker's Appeal - excerpts

Journal of a Residence and Tour of the United States - online text of a visit by a European, Edward S. Abdy, who stayed mostly in free Black communities and wrote of his experiences there

Bostonians Break up Abolition Meetings - picture

African-Americans convene for their second national convention 1932- article from the Liberator

Selections from the writings of William Lloyd Garrison

African Colonization and Other Observations - comments by Edward S. Abdy

The Anti-Slavery record - for the Anti-Slavery Society 1835

Peter Osborne addresses a crowd of African Americans celebrating American independence 1832

Abolitionist Songs

Pro-Slavery riots in Cincinnati

Founding of the New England Anti-Slavery Society - from a biography of William Lloyd Garrison

Frederick Douglass on Colonization - from the North Star

Excerpt from a biography of William Lloyd Garrison

Links on Harriet Beecher Stowe

Transcendentalists, Cultural Changes, Scientific Developments, Literature, and Art


The American Renaissance and Transcendentalism

Ralph Waldo Emerson - information and links to his writings

Henry David Thoreau - information and links to his writings

Others in the Circle - a couple dozen links to information and writings

Walt Whitman - online texts

Margaret Fuller

The Hudson River School - Artcyclopedia

Hudson River School - Art collection

The Hudson River School and Landscape Painting

Hudson River School - Yahoo's list of links

Hudson River School

Hudson River School - PBS site

I Hear America Singing - PBS site of composers, artists, and writers

Religious movements, Second Great Awakening, Communalism, and the Mormons

Evangelicanism, Revivalism and the Second Great Awakening - history of religious movements in this period

Religion in the 19th Century

Evangelicism as a Social Movement

Alexis de Tocqueville observes Religious Enthusiasm 1831-32

Lyman Beecher and the Problem of Religious Pluralism in the 19th Century - essay

Charles Finney recalls his days in Oneida, New York

What a revival of religion is - lecture by Charles Finney

Lecture on Revival of Religion from William Sprague 1833

The Moral Argument Against Calvinism - 1809 article by William Ellery Channing

Sermons by William Ellery Channing - 19th century Unitarian minister

The Roots of the Second Great Awakening - college lecture

Religious Groups, Benevolent Organizations, and American Pluralism - college lecture

Episcopalian Backwoodsmen

Religious Origins of American Identity - college lecture

Religion and the New Republic - Library of Congress art exhibit

Religion in the 1830s and 1840s - several primary documents

Mormonism and the American Mainstream

Prophet Joseph Smith relays God's message

The Mormon Trek - map

Official Site of the Church of the Latter Day Saints

National Museum of American Jewish History

Roman Catholics and Immigration

Roman Catholics and Immigration in 19th Century America


African American Perspectives - Pamphlets from the 19th century

Religion of the Slaves

Religion in the South - College Course

A New View of Society by Robert Owen - four essays

Women and the Oneida Community - documents

New Harmony - A documentary Source Problem - 19 primary sources

Their Habits of Order are Carried to the Extreme - A Lowell Worker visits the Shakers

All was New to Me and Strange - a visitor to a Shaker Community -1830

Women's movement, Temperance movement, reform efforts in education, prisons, and care of the insane

75 Suffragists - famous people in the Women's Movement

Women in America- Lots of primary documents arranged by topic

Women and Social Movements - lots of topics and each has primary documents

How Did Diverse Activists Shape the Nineteenth-Century Dress Reform Movement? - primary documents and images

Women's Lives in the 19th Century - links

Seneca Falls Convention - links to newspaper reports on the convention

The Rise of Women's Movements

The Women's Rights Movement - primary documents

Lucretia Mott - documents

The Susan B. Anthony House

A Treatise on Domestic Economy for Young Ladies at Home by Catherine Beecher - 1841

Angelina Grimke - site created by a college student

Louisa May Alcott - information and her works

Julia Ward Howe

The Women's Christian Temperance Movement

Six Sermons on Intemperance by Lyman Beecher 1828

Links on Harriet Beecher Stowe

Christian Motherhood - etching

Moral Reform and Northern Antebellum Women - documents

Reverend M'Ilvaine Denounces Intemperance - 1839 sermon

On the Proper Occupations of Women in America - James Fenimore Cooper

Manners of Young American Women: Their Interaction with Bachelors - James Fenimore Cooper

Extreme Youth in Marriage - Frances Trollope

Improving Female Education by Emma Willard 1819

Educational Institutions in the Early Republic

Legal Rights of Widows to property by James Fenimore Cooper 1824

Observations on the Real Rights of Women - Hannah Crocker - 1818

Excerpt from the Memoirs of Susan Mansfield Huntington - 1815 on child bearing

Public Meeting Places for Young Women - Charles Dickens

Oberlin Women and Social Movements - documents

Votes for Women's Suffrage - 1850 - 1920 - Library of Congress collection

Notable Unitarian Women

Men who supported Women's Movement - documents

Antebellum Reform - The Shift to Immediatism - 1830

Asylum and Penitentiaries - four primary documents

Letter from a Quaker visitor to a prison 1829


History of the Alamo - site developed by Redland Elementary School

The Alamo: 13 days of Glory- short history

Mexican War - PBS site with several articles about the causes, effects and the course of the war

The Mexican War and After - Extracts from the American Military History historical series

The Mexican American War and Texas Independence - Analysis of the Causes of the War

US-Mexican War - Frequently Asked Questions, documents, history of the war

Invasion Yanqui - has information on the war and pictures, maps and images

The Gold Rush - links to information

The Gold Rush - PBS documentary site

The Donner Party - Site devoted to that ill fated party



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Civil War

General Sites

American Civil War Homepage - One of the best places to start to find links to information, battles information and biographies

The Civil War Online - Extensive link list of over 5000 Civil War links. You can spend hours here.

The Valley of the Shadow - Has extensive primary sources from both a Virginia and a Pennsylvania town; contains newspapers, diaries, obituaries, letters

The American Civil War - Informative site with history of the cause of the war, generals and other information with links

The Time of the Lincolns - PBS site with information on slavery, politics, women and the life of the ordinary soldier.

Lincoln and The Civil War - has links to newspapers in the North and South and their original articles. Great source for primary documents.

Civil War Weekly - Excerpts from real magazines of the week by week events of the Civil War

The Civil War Homepage - Civil War letters, diaries, photos, battles and documents

The - Has lots of information about almost every topic from battles to biographies of famous people involved in the war and Civil War Potpourri on various topics

Civil War Links - AOL list of links

Civil War Portrait - Explore the people, places, and events of the Civil War through the photographs and images in the Civil War Portrait. Each page includes links to related articles here on TheHistoryNet, as well as external links to Civil War sites on the internet.

Civil War Timeline - from the History Place

Rutgers' The Civil War on the Internet - Links to lots of Civil War resources including the period leading up to the war and the Abolitionist movement

Outline of the Civil War - Hyperlinked detailed outline of events of the Civil War

North and South Magazine - Online Magazine about the Civil War

The Civil War Times - Another magazine on the Civil War from The History Net; searchable archives

The Civil War in Miniature - Has tidbits of information, quizzes, games, clipart and links to other sites

America's Civil War Magazine - Has detailed articles on various topics and links to past volumes. Not all articles are available online

This Week in the Civil War - Headlines and stories for each week of the War

The Civil War in Brazoria County - Detailed study of events leading to the War, the War and Reconstruction with particular emphasis on its effect on one county in Texas

Documenting the American South - First-person narratives about the South with concentration on Southern women and slaves from UNC Chapel Hill

Maps of National Battlefields of the Civil War - extensive list arranged alphabetically

The Diary of David Humphrey Blair - diary of an Ohio soldier

Return to Civil War Directory

Causes of the War

Events and Causes of the Civil War - Southern Comfort Site which has other information about Southern states and secession

Causes of the Civil War - Primary Sources from the Southern point of view

Causes of the Civil War - Links and documents

History of the War Between the States - Information on the events leading to the War

Documents on Causes of the War - primary documents from the 1850s

Uncle Tom's Cabin and American Culture - A Multimedia archive

The Caning of Senator Sumner - Articles from newspapers in the North and South about the beating of Charles Sumner in the US Senate

The Kansas-Nebraska Act - Editorials about the Act from Northern and Southern newspapers

Dred Scott Decision - Article from The History Place

The Dred Scott Decision - Articles from newspapers in the North and South commenting on the decision

John Brown and the Harper's Ferry Raid - lots of information on John Brown

John Brown's Holy War - Site from the PBS series, American Experience

The Father of American Terrorism - Article on John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry from American Heritage Magazine

John Brown's Raid - Articles from newspapers in the North and South at the time commenting on John Brown

John Brown's Raid - Article

Return to Civil War Directory


Civil War Battles - Extensive link list to sites devoted to battles

Civil War Battles - Another extensive list of battles with information and links on each one

Civil War Battlefields - Summaries arranged by state

Civil War Battle Statistics - Chart of battles, commanders and casualties

Crisis at Fort Sumter - Detailed information

Mission To Relieve Sumter - Article

Fort Sumter - article and links

War Watchers at Bull Run - article about the crowds who came to watch the battle

Battle Between the Merrimac and the Monitor - pictures, maps and information

Hampton Roads: Battle of the Ironclads - article

Battle of the Ironclads - article and pictures

"A Very Bloody Affair" - The Battle of Shiloh

The Devil's Own Day - Battle of Shiloh

Battle of Shiloh: A Very Bloody Affair - article

Battle of Fredricksburg - Good information from Military History Online

Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania - Good information

Wilson's Creek - article from

Never Were Men So Brave - Article on Fredericksburg

Military History Online - Articles on Antietam, Fredericksburg and Gettysburg

Stonewall's Forgotten Masterpiece - Article on Stonewall Jackson's victory at Harpers' Ferry as a prelude to Antietam

Antietam - photos, biographies, medical information and information on the battle

The Battle of Antietam on the Web - good maps and narratives

The Battle of Antietam - information from

The Burning Shame of Chancellorsville - article about the Union XI Corps

The Irish Brigade at Chancellorsville - article from America's Civil War Magazine

The Taking of Burnside Bridge - Story from Antietam

Three Days at Gettysburg - Great place to start, has lots of links about the battle

Gettysburg - article by Winston Churchill

The Extraordinary Story of the Battle of Gettysburg - virtual history

The Battle of Gettysburg Homepage - Lots of information on the battle

Taking Aim at Cemetery Hill - Article about the 5th Alabama Sharpshooters

The Battle of Gettysburg - Has chronology of the battle

Battle of Gettysburg: Day One - article

The Unofficial Visitors' Guide to Gettysburg - lots of information; a must if you're planning a trip

Gettysburg: Military History Online - Site with articles and battle summaries

Failure on the Heights - article on Lee's mistakes at Gettysburg

The Rebels are Coming - Article on Pennsylvania on the eve of Gettysburg

The Fall of Vicksburg - Article on Grant's victory at Vicksburg

The Campaign for Vicksburg - hyperlinked article

Peace on Earth but not in Vicksburg - Article on life in Vicksburg during the siege

Bloody Fight in Vain - Article on Vicksburg

Grant's Operational Strategy at Vicksburg - article by a retired colonel

The Chickamauga Campaign - Description of the battle and excerpts from the generals' reports and memoirs

The Campaign for Atlanta - hyperlinked history

66 Days of Hell - accounts of Sherman's march through South Carolina

Sherman's March Through South Carolina - Article and links

Devil or Angel: William Tecumseh Sherman and a New Age of Warfare - article

March to the Sea - Short article

The Battle of Bentonville - Historic site for this NC battle

General Sherman's March Across North Carolina - article

The Siege of Petersburg - great information

The Petersburg Campaign - article and links

The End of the War - reminiscences of events from a Confederate officer

A City Saved - An article on how Raleigh, NC was saved from being burned

Surrender at Appomatox - Reminiscences of Grant's aide

Return to Civil War Directory

Biographies of Famous People of the Civil War

Civil War Generals - Encyclopedia of Civil War Generals

Abraham Lincoln Online - information and links

Information About Abraham Lincoln - Several Links

Lincoln/Net - site devoted to his life before becoming president, has extensive library of primary documents that are searchable by subject

Experience Counts - An article that examines how Lincoln used his gifts as a politician

Commander-in-Chief Abraham Lincoln - Article about Lincoln's role during the war

Lincoln Research Site - a former history teacher has posted lots of information on Lincoln, his family and a detailed history of the assassination with fascinating details. Lots of links

Lincoln Takes the Heat - Article on how Lincoln responded to cartoons and criticism

The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln - searchable database sponsored by the Abraham Lincoln Association

The Death of Lincoln - Article

Assassination Conspiracy Sites - Compilation of sites exploring some of the mysteries surrounding Lincoln's assassination

The Capture of John Wilkes Booth - primary documents

Ulysses S. Grant Network - Lots of information and links

Grant Home Page - You can post a question about Grant

Grant's Personal Memoirs - Excerpts from his memoirs from the time he was given command of the entire army

Grant's Lifelong Struggle with Alcohol - article

The Little Giant - Stephen Douglas Homepage

Sherman's Memoirs - Excerpts from his memoirs concerning the Battle of Shiloh

Jefferson Davis Site - Lots of information on Jefferson Davis, primary sources and links

Jefferson Davis - Biography on Davis

Robert E. Lee - Article on Lee

Sources on Robert E. Lee - LInks

The Meade Archives - site devoted to General George G. Meade with biography, eyewitness accounts and his critics

General James Longstreet - Website devoted to career of this Confederate general

From Manassas to Appomatox - Excerpts from Longstreets personal memoirs about all the battles he was in

Devil Dan Sickle's Deadly Salients - Article on Gen. Sickles and the mistakes he made at Gettysburg

J.E.B. Stuart: Gettysburg's Scapegoat - biographical article

Jeb Stuart's Last Ride - Article about his final battle with Sheridan

Generals on the Web - 378 links to information on Civil War generals

The Deceptive Doctor - Dr. Samuel Webb and the conspiracy to kill Lincoln

Andrew Johnson - Biographical information from the North Carolina Encyclopedia

Spotlight Biographies - Short biographies of famous people involved in the Civil War and links to more information

Return to Civil War Directory

Slavery and African American History

Spartacus Internet Encyclopedia - Great site with extensive articles on slavery with slave narratives, stories of slave traders, the anti-slavery movement, the Underground Railroad and slave life

Slave Narratives - First Person accounts of slavery from 1682 to Reconstruction

The Encyclopedia Brittanica of Black History - Arranged by time period

Freedmen Documents - Narratives of slaves and freedmen from 1861 -1867 that has been compiled by the National Archives

North American Slave Narratives - UNC site

Uncle Tom's Cabin and American Culture - an amazing multi-media archive with the full text online plus links to all sorts of material, including texts, songs, and movie clips, relating to the period

Judgment Day - PBS site devoted to the history of Africans in America from 1450 to 1865, use narratives and diaries to present a picture of what life was like under slavery

North American Slave Narratives - UNC site

American Slavery - A hyperlinked encyclopedia of information on peopleevents involved in the anti-slavery movement

Slavery in the Western Hemisphere - A wonderful site put together by a high school class

Escape from Slavery - Excerpts from Frederick Douglass' Autobiography

Passage to Freedom - Article from the Washington Post about a daring mass escape attempt from Washington D.C.

Quakers and the anti-slavery movement - Article by high school students

Lest We Forget - Extensive site on Black History with many links and lots of information. You can spend a long time here

Carnival of Death - The story of the Massachusetts' 54th and their doomed attack on Fort Wagner

US Colored Troops and the Civil War - Lots of information and links from the Lest We Forget Site

African American Pamphlets - a searchable database of 397 pamphlets from 1824 to 1909

African American History Challenge - Information on important 19th century African Americans with quizzes

United States Colored Troops and the Civil War - Links to sites on individual regiments and soldiers from the Lest We Forget Site

A Gallant Rush for Glory - The story of The Massachusetts 54th that was featured in the movie, Glory

Robert E. Lee on Black Confederate Troops - Article

Black Soldiers in Blue - Article on a Pennsylvania regiment

Fort Pillow: Massacre or Madness - Article on the massacre of black soldiers there

African Americans and the Civil War - Long list of links

Bright Moments - Has profiles of important 19th century African Americans and quizzes on African American History

Abolition - Library of Congress Site with pictures and texts of abolitionist literature and songs. Click through for more primary sources

Frederick Douglass - an online biography

Taking the Train to Freedom - Government site

Underground Railroad - LIst of links to information on the Underground Railroad

The Underground Railroad - focus on NC's role in the founding of the Underground Railroad by Levi Coffin

Underground Railroad - Site from the History Channel

The Civil War and the African American Response - Site of the Menare Foundation which is devoted to preserving Underground Railroad sites

Underground Railroad Interactive Site- Choose your own adventure interactive site created by National Geographic

Harriet Tubman - short student paper

US Colored Troops Formed in NC - data from regiments, letters and regimental histories

The Negro as a Soldier in the War of the Rebellion - History of the Massachusetts Volunteers, 55th Regiment

Drones in the Great Hive - An African American writes bitterly of the way the Union treated its black soldiers

African History on the Web - List of links

Sources on African American History - links to primary documents on African American History

African History Hot Links - Linkds to sites concerning Black history

A Gateway to African American History - links ranging from sites on slavery to the Civil Rights Movement

Return to Civil War Directory

Women and the Homefront

Women and the Civil War - Duke University site compiling women's diaries, letters and photographs

Hearts At Home - Museum exhibit from the University of Virginia with information on topics such as women spies, education, religion, war work, etc

Remember the Ladies - information on women's roles in the Civil War including spies

Women and the Civil War - Links to lots of articles and sites

Sources on Harriet Beecher Stowe - List of links from

Harriet Beecher Stowe - Article about Mrs. Stowe and her son

Clara Barton - short biography

The Mother of the Union Army The Story of Mary Ann Bickerdyke- Illinois woman who worked in hospitals to help soldiers

Civil War Love Letters - selected letters from soldiers to their wives

The Women's Revolt of Rowan County - An article about how women in a NC county revolted over conditions during the war. A good study of what the homefront was like.

Hard Times in the Confederacy - article from the Nature Bulletin about problems with food, clothing and heat

The Women of Antebellum Richmond - Article on their domestic life before the War

Rose O'Neal Greenhow - SHort biography and all her papers and letters

The Citizens' Companion - Online Magazine devoted to life on the homefront during the War

Our Needles Are Now Our Weapons - the introductory chapter in the  Museum of the Confederacy book A Woman's War: Southern Women, Civil War, and the Confederate Legacy

Captain Sally - Short article from Civil War Times about a woman who ran a hospital and was made an officer in the Confederate Army

Women Veterans of the Civil War - Short information on women who were spies, nurses and soldiers in the war

Meet Some Nifty Ladies - Short discussion of individual women

Return to Civil War Directory



Civil War Medicine - Information on medical care, nurses and biographies of Clara Barton and Dorothea Dix

On Surgery's Cutting Edge During the Civil War - Arttilce from the Washington Post

Photographic Atlas of Civil War Injuries - pictures and case descriptions

Medical Care, Battle Wounds and Disease - encyclopedia article

The Humble Undertaker - short article on funeral practice during the Civil War

The United States Sanitary Commission - history and records

Civil War Medical Terminology - Definitions

The Surgeons at Gettysburg - article from Civil War Interactive

Clara Barton - short biography

The Mother of the Union Army The Story of Mary Ann Bickerdyke- Illinois woman who worked in hospitals to help soldiers

Anesthetics in Field and General Hospitals Of the Confederate States of America During the Civil War - article at Civil War Interactive

Return to Civil War Directory

Prisoners of War and Spies

Civil War Prisons - Information on all the prisons

Andersonville Prison Camp - Historical background, conditions and archeology at the prison site

Andersonville Prison Camp - Background information

The Trial of Captain Henry Wirz - Information, Excepts and the impact of the trial

Andersonville: A Legacy of Shame...But whose? - Defense of Captain Wirz

Andersonville: Intentional Cruelty or Victim of Circumstance - article

The Inhumanities of War - article on prison camps

Prisons, Paroles and POWs - list of links

Elmira Prison - short article

Prison of War Camps - List of prisons on each side with links to more information

Brothers Bound - Lots of information on the Prisoner of War Experience with excerpts from diaries, letters and other primary documents and links to other sites

The Life of the Prisoner - Encyclopedia Article

Intelligence and The Civil War - Good information on Union and Confederate spies

Spies in Disguise - Links to stories of women spies; student created Webquest

The Plot to burn New York City - interesting article about a plan that "could have won the war for the South"

Spying in the Civil War - short article

The Spy disguised as a Slave - article

Spies, Raiders and Partisans - list of links

The Lady Spies of the Civil War - article

Remember the Ladies - articles on women spies

Return to Civil War Directory

Arts and Leisure

Literature of the South - Lots of information on Southern literature from the Antebellum era, black literature, Civil War literature, folklore and humor. Biographies of writers from the most obscure to the better known

Poetry and Music of the Civil War - comprehensive compilation of poems and music arranged by writer and also by first lines

Uncle Tom's Cabin and American Culture - Multimedia archive on Uncle Tom's Cabin

Uncle Tom's Cabin - List of sites about Uncle Tom's Cabin

Uncle Tom's Cabin and American Culture - A Multimedia archive - site devoted to Louisa May Alcott

Music of the Civil War - Lyrics from lots of songs from this period

Twenty-Four Notes that Tap Deep Emotions - history of Taps

Racial Cartoons and the Civil War - A history of cartoons, caricatures and the treatment of blacks from the pre-War period to after Emancipation

Civil War Photographs - Library of Congress site with information and an extensive catalogue of photographs

Matthew Brady - information from the Library of Congress

Baseball and the Civil War - article

Civil War Pipe Smoking - article on tobacco and soldiers' pipes

Contraband Whiskey - Article from America's Civil War

Civil War Dance - Discussion of Victorian Era dances and ballroom etiquette

Return to Civil War Directory

Weaponry and Naval Battles

Weapons of the Civil War - Short information on pistols and rifles from the Civil War with pictures

Weapons of the Civil War - article

Weapons of the Civil War - list of links to articles

Civil War Artillery - Detailed information on subjects such as ammunition, famous weapons and equipment with lots of links

Civil War Artillery - great site with lots of information

Handguns of the Civil War - pictures and descriptitions

The Most Common Field Pieces of the Civil War - article on artillery

Military Technology - Article about the importance of the telegraph to the war effort

Confusing Terminology of Artillery - glossary of terms

Weapons of the Civil War - Artillery of the War

The Gatling Gun - short article from the History Channel

The Gatling Gun - short article

Definitions - Terms for Civil War weapons

Civil War Field Fortifications - Detailed information, good if you're interested in military history

Strategic Supplies - Article about the difficulties of supplying the armies during the War

Naval War - History of the naval battles with links to more information

Navies in the Civil War - Detailed history of naval battles and commanders during the War

Naval Warfare of the Civil War - List of links to articles

Civil War Navies - official records of the U.S. and Confederate navies concerning the Battle of Hampton Roads

The Battle of Mobile Bay - the history of this battle that spelled the end for the Confederacy

CSS Neuse - History of NC's ironclad

Return to Civil War Directory


Outline on Reconstruction - Detailed outline of the issues and goals of Reconstruction

Reconstruction - Confederate Military History. History of Reconstruction from a Southern point of view, written after the war

Klu Klux Klan - Article about the KKK during Reconstruction

A Hundred Years of Terror - report on the KKK

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson - Lots of information about various aspects of the impeachment using articles from Harpers Weekly

The Impeachment and Trial of Andrew Jackson - Two-part article from

Famous Trials: The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson - trial account, documents, cartoons

Return to Civil War Directory


Civil War Quiz - Answer questions from

The Diplomats and Diplomacy of the Civil War - college thesis

Selected Civil War Photographs - Library of Congress collection

The Trent Affair - Article with links to contemperaneous newspaper articles

The Civil War's Last Great Peace Effort - 1864-65 attempt to bring peace

Conscientious Objectors of the Civil War - article

The New York City Draft Riots - article

The New York Draft Riots -Article

The Confederate Cipher Wheel - A Southern code

How the South gathered News during the Civil War - short article about Southern journalists

Jews and the Civil War - site devoted to Jews on both sides during the war

Jewish Women and the Civil War - list of links

High Above the Battlefield - Aeronauts of the Civil War

Union and Confederate Indians in the Civil War - article

Fascinating Trivia on the Civil War

Fighting Words: Terms from Military History - Linguistic heritage of the Civil War

Who Wants to Be a Civil War Guru? - Quiz

Civil War Clip Art - Lots of images

Return to Civil War Directory

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The End of the 19th Century, World War One and The Roaring Twenties

Outline of American History - Textbook online about this period with biographies of famous people of the period

Complete Guide to the Industrial Revolution

The American West - Extensive site on information concerning the development of the West

The West - Site to go with Ken Burns Documentary on PBS: timeline, documents, interactive map

When the James Gang Ruled the Rails - Article on the notorious James Gang and their robberies

US Cavalry vs. American Indians - timeline of Indian battles

The Richest Man in the World: Andrew Carnegie - site from the PBS documentary

Henry Ford and the Industrial Revolution

America in the Gilded Age and Progressivism - awesome list of sites relating to the 1890's and early years of 20th century

Gilded Age and Progressive Era - more sites

American History Sources for Students - Links to many sites relating to the period 1870 - 1930, good labor movement information

Wars of the American West - Links to information of Indian wars in the West

Spanish American War Centennial Site - Articles on many aspects of the war and links to primary documents

You May Fire When Ready, Gridley - Article on the Battle for Manila Bay

Crucible of Empire: The Spanish American War - Site from PBS documentary

The War in the Philippines - Lots of information and primary documents

Fighting Islam's Fierce Moro Warriors - Detailed article about the war in the Philippines

The Era of William McKinley - Ohio State University web site for President McKinley

Theodore Roosevelt Association - Biography, quotes, explanation of Teddy and the teddy bear.

The Story of Theodore Roosevelt - PBS documentary site

Theodore Roosevelt's Broad Powers - essay

T. R. Takes Charge - article about Theodore Roosevelt's role in the organizing volunteers for the Spanish American War

America 1900 - Site from the PBS documentary

Ellis Island - History Channel site with lots of information

The American Immigration Homepage - student created site with lots of information

Immigration - A Think Quest site - with information and timelines

Ellis Island Migration Museum - Detailed histor and background

Outline of American History - Textbook online about this period with biographies of famous people of the period.

World War One: Trenches on the Web - resources on WWI

Casualty Figures

World War One - Links to sites on the War

World War One - More links

The Great War - Dozens of links

Doughboy Center - diaries, letters and biographies from American soldiers in World War I

Flapper Culture and Style - article about flappers and links to more information about style and culture in the 1920s

The Harlem Renaissance - Links to related sites

The 1920s and 1930s - list of links for cultural, economic and political history of these two decades

Temperance and Prohibition - history of the movement - Ohio State site

Alcohol, Temperance and Prohibition - A study in rhetoric

Bookends: The 1920s and the 1930s - Discussion of the Decades that Defined America

Evolution on Trial - Article on the Scopes Trial

This Case is Close to My Heart - Article on the famous attorney, Clarence Darrow, and his defense in a racially tinged trial in the 1920s

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The Great Depression

General Sites

1930s Front Page - Information on American during the Depression

New Deal Network - Links to Online resources about the New Deal

Links to Great Depression Resources - lots of links

Twentieth Century History by the Decades: the 1930s - Nice list of links

New Deal Agencies During Roosevelt's Administrations: 1933 - 1945 - List of Agencies and short descriptions

The New Deal - Article from Encarta

The New Deal - From - outline and links

The New Deal Brings Social Reforms - article from online textbook

Roosevelt and the New Deal - A hyperlinked encyclopedia of information on people and legislation of the New Deal

Then and Now: Prices of the Great Depression - gives some prices and wages from the 1930s

A Brief History of the Social Security Administration - discussion of the SSA's history with quotes

The New Deal: WPA - How the WPA Brightened the Depression

The New Deal: CCC - the impact of the CCC

A New Deal for the Arts - Government exhibit of art paid for by the New Deal

National Industrial Recovery Act - Encarta article

New Deal Cultural Programs - Discussion of the WPA

Black Thursday - headlines from Black Thursday on Oct. 24, 1929 from the New York Times and analysis

Hard Times: The Great Depression - Information on Charlotte, NC and the Great Depression

The 1920s, The Great Depression and Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal - Chapter from an Online Textbook

Return to Depression Directory

Causes and Analysis

The Crash of 1929 - An essay containing audio links and images on R. Richard Savill's The Jazz Age Page.

The Main Causes of The Great Depression - college student paper

The Great Depression and the New Deal - information on causes of the Depression and the legacy of the New Deal

Successes and Failures of the New Deal - Analyzes specific New Deal Programs

The Legacy of the 1936 Election by Amity Shlaes, author of The Forgotten Man: A New History of the Great Depression

Blunders Which Caused the Depression - Short essay saying why we could not have another great depression from the National Center for Policy Analysis

The American Presidency: The New Deal - article from Grolier's Encyclopedia analyzing successes and failures of the New Deal

Was the New Deal a Success or Not - Article looking at both sides

Did the New Deal End the Depression or Make it Worse? - Links and article (at the bottom of the page - just scroll down) that argues in favor of the New Deal from a liberal perspective

The New Deal's War Against Economic Recovery - Interview with historian, Gary Best, arguing that the New Deal made the Depression worse. A little difficult for the beginner to follow, but persevere.

FDR's New Deal: An Example of American System Economics - speech in praise of the New Deal

An Evaluation of the New Deal - Class notes from a high school class

The New Deal - An Overview from McGraw Hill

How FDR Made the Depression Worse - Interesting essay discussing whether FDR truly brought us out of the Depression

Blacks and the Depression - article from

Racial Discrimination and the New Deal - article by a Columbia University history professor

The Great Depression and the New Deal - summery from a college professor

FDR: How His New Deal undermined charity - article attacking the New Deal from Marvin Olasky

The Great Depression and the New Deal - overview from a Yale Teacher's Institute's site

The Great Depression: A Decade of Hardship - Site from Southern Illinois University on the causes of the Depression and Hoover's and FDR's actions in response

The Crash and the Great Depression - Lecture Notes from a professor at the University of Wisconsin - good overview

The Great Depression and the New Deal - Lecture Notes from a professor at the University of Wisconsin - good overview

The Age of Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1933 - 1945 - Good Essays on the New Deal, the New Deal and the Supreme Court

Federal Growth Before the New Deal - article arguing that there had already been massive growth in the federal government before FDR and so he shouldn't get the blame for the government's growth

Slouching Towards Utopia: The Economic History of the Twentieth Century: The Crash and the Great Slump - Professor Brad DeLong of Berkeley argues that the Federal Reserve exacerbated the Depression

FDR Cartoons - Cartoons dealing with the Depression and WW2

Advertisements and Political Cartoons from the 1930s - Site has examples that deal with Worker Productivity and the Role of Labor Unions

Constitutional Issues: Separation of Powers - Lesson Plan dealing with the Court-Packing Plan with history of the plan and its implications

Return to Depression Directory

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Biography of FDR - short biography from the FDR Library

Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal - List of links

1932 Man of the Year - original Time article on FDR

1934 Man of the Year - original Time article on FDR

FDR as Runner Up for Man of the Century - Essay from Time Magazine by Doris Kearns Goodwin

Character Above All - Essay on FDR by Doris Kearns Goodwin

The Perfect Presence - article about FDR's character

The Roosevelt the Public Never Saw - article about the private Roosevelt

Person of the Century - Essay by Bill Clinton for Time Magazine

Franklin Delano Roosevelt: He Lifted Us Out Of The Depression - Essay by Arther Schlesinger from Time Magazine

Return to Depression Directory

Personal Stories

American Life Histories - Manuscripts from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936 - 1940 - Interviews with people suffering through the Depression.

Voices from the Dust Bowl - Memories, songs and images from the Dust Bowl

Songs of the Depression - Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?, etc.

Surviving the Dust Bowl - PBS Documentary site

I remember... - reminiscences from the Great Depression

Return to Depression Directory

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World War Two


General Sites

AOL's list of links on World War Two - Excellent with links to sites dealing with every aspect of the war from prisoner of war camps to the homefront or specific battles

Outline of American History - Textbook online about the New Deal and World War Two

Recommended World War II Sites - From Britannica Online

World War II - Detailed history from Teaching History Online

Grolier's Online: World War Two - very good hyperlinked history of the war

WWII Biographies and Related Stories - Articles from Grolier's Online - good index to articles

World War Two on the Web - Links to lots of information about the different theaters of the war and the Holocaust

World War Two - Lots of links

Veterans and World War Sites - Links to many sites

Hyper War - A Hyper history of the War - links

The History Place - timeline of period leading up to and during the War in Europe and links to more information

The History Place - timeline of events in the Pacific

Chronology of Events in the History of World War II - timeline of events in both Europe and the Pacific

General Resources on WWII - lots of links

History Net: World War II Magazine - Index of Articles - Many detailed stories

Phil's World War II Site - information on the German, British, Soviet, US high command, biographies, statistics and links

Return to World War II Directory

Road to War

Massacre at Nanking - history of the rape of Nanking

Breaking the Silence - Japanese War crimes in Nanking

Ethiopia Invaded by Mussolini - Timeline

Interwar Appeasement: A Passion for Peace or Obsession with Indifference - Essay

Spanish Civil War - Timeline

the Interwar Years: Another 30 Years War - Essay

To War or Not to War - Student created site analyzing Britain's, France's, Russia's and the US's agendas to consider going to war

Germany and World War II - information from the end of World War I to the end of the Third Reich

Polish Campaign - information on the German and Polish armies, maps and links

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Pearl Harbor

Remembering Pearl Harbor - National Geographic site with memories from survivors

Pearl Harbor - Historical documents and links

Myths of Pearl Harbor - explanations and links

Ginger's Diary - Diary of a 17 year old girl living in Pearl Harbor

Pearl Harbor Archive - links to documents investigating Pearl Harbor

Pearl Harbor Spy - Article on a Japanese spy who provided information to the Japanese

A Japanese Pilot Remembers Pearl Harbor - Article from World War II Magazine

Pearl Harbor Remembered - Detailed site

Pearl Harbor Naval History - links to lists of casualties, minute by minute timeline, and maps

Pearl Harbor Day - history and biographies

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The European Theater, Battles in the Atlantic and Northern African Battle Sites

The Hunt for the Bismarck - Article from WWII Magazine

The U-Boat War - site devoted to the U-boats

The Battle of the Atlantic - Great site with lots of information

The European Theater - Maps that can be downloaded

France 1940 - detailed site on the German assault on France

The Battle of Britain - good article

the Battle of Britain - information on pilots and photos

A Secret Ear for the Desert Fox - A spy for Rommel in Northern Africa

Operation Torch: The Invasion of Northern Africa - information, war diary and links

The North Africa Campaign - history, information on weapons and commanders

The Three Major Strategic Considerations That Shaped the "Europe First Strategy" During World War II - article by a retired colonel

Prelude to War - Read a history of Russia's role in the Second World War and the Soviet's stubborn resistance against Nazi Germany.

Timeline of Russia's role in the war - timeline from the Soviet perspective with photographs

The Italian Campaign - A overview of the Allied attack on Italy

Patton's Race to Messina - History Net article

Operation Pointblank: Evolution of Allied Air doctrine - History Net article

In The Company of Giants - Article on the role of Great Britain in winning the war

D-Day - PBS documentary

D-Day's Host - Story of D-Day

The Normandy Invasion - history, preparations and pictures

The Battle of Normandy - overview and tour of battlesites

Operation Overlord - History of D-Day for 50th Anniversary

Operation Overlord - article on the strategy used

Fact Sheet on D-Day - overview of the events of June 6, 1944

The Rangers Take the Pointe - The story of the Rangers' attack on the Pointe Du Hoc

To Omaha and Back - One man's memories

Winter's Fuy at Eisenborn Ridge - how allies stopped German advance at the Battle of the Bulge

Battle of the Bulge - timeline

Destination Europe: Battle of the Bulge - information and veterans' memories

Victory in Europe - article

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Pacific Theater Battle Sites

Hyperwar - History of the war in the Pacific

History of the Marines in World War Two: from Pearl Harbor to Guadalcanal - online book

The Doolittle Raid - National Geographic site with background and information on the raid

Frankel-y Speaking: About World War II in the Pacific - one man's book about his experiences in the Pacific

From Butte to Iwo Jima - another man's memoirs about his experiences in the war in the Pacific

Remembering the Bataan Death March

Bataan, Corregidor and the Death March - article by a survivor

The Battle of Coral Sea - article

The Battle of Midway - Detailed history and pictures

Codebreaking and the Battle of Midway - article

Midway - student made page

The First Battle of Guadalcanal

The Guadalcanal Campaign - timeline

A Marine Diary: My experiences at Guadalcanal - the memories of a 20 year old at the battle

Guam: Steppingsone to Tokyo - article from Soldiers Magazine

The Battle for Bougainville - History Net Article

Iwo Jima - information and pictures

Target: Iwo Jima - Article from American History Magazine

Montford Marines and Iwo Jima - memories of a membr of a Negro Marine regiment and the battle of Iwo Jima

Okinawa's Bloody Conquest - History Net Article

Okinawa's Bloody Battle - story of the war's bloodiest battle

Kamikaze Squadrons - Main events and information on individual pilots

Who became Kamikaze Pilots - Essay from a high school paper published in The Concord Review

MacArthur - PBS documentary site

The Emperor's Duplicity - Argues that Hirohito was better informed than he pretended to be

Japanese War Crimes - lots of information

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The Holocaust

America and the Holocaust - PBS site from documentary

Simon Wiesenthal Center - A comprehensive resource on the Holocaust and World War II, with over 3,000 text files, and tens of thousands of photos.

Cybrary of the Holocaust - Lots of links, pictures, poems and stories from the Holocaust

The Courage to Remember - pictures and stories from the Holocaust

Nazi Concentration Camps - Timeline and history

Concentration Camps - links to many camps

Rescuers - Stories of rescues of Jews during WW2

Witnesses - First person accounts from survivors, and liberators of concentration camps

Holocaust Timeline - Hyperlinked history of the Holocaust

Anne Frank Online - links and resources

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The Atom Bomb

AOL list of links dealing with the Atomic Bomb - very comprehensive list

Truman on Trial for Dropping the Bomb - Great site with arguments for the defense and prosecution and explanations of the historians who were members of the jury about why they voted Truman guilty or not guilty

A Bomb WW2 Museum - Lots of information on the dropping of the bomb including tales of survivors

The Decision to Drop the Bomb - primary documents from History Net and lesson plans

The Decision to Drop the Bomb - on line book and references by Gar Alperovitz

Documents on the Decision to Drop the Bomb - List of links to pertinent documents

Atomic Archive - Archive chronicling the history of the Manhattan Project and the building of the atomic bomb includes many photos, and bios of key scientists.

The History and Ethics behind the Manhattan Project - comprehensive article that details arguments for and against the use of the atomic bomb

Fifty Years from Trinity - Seattle Times Site: articles about the development of the bomb, our atomic legacy both good and bad

Three in One: The Scientists, The Bomb, and the Day of Judgment - Article about scientists involved in creating the bomb

Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima - A Catholic priest's recollections of his observations of Hiroshima

The Hiroshima Archive - site devoted to commemorating the 50 year anniversary

Nagasaki Links - links to museums and remiscences about the bomb

The Bomb that Ended World War II - The bomb dropped on Nagasaki

The Enola Gay Exhibit - information from the Smithsonian exhibit

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The Homefront

The Homefront - links to information

The Homefront: 1939-1945 - Page devoted to Britain's Homefront

The Homefront in the News - Excerpts from the Gettysburg Times Reports stories on the Homefront during the War

The Valour and the Horror - Women at home and in the war with a focus on the Canadian homefront

The Effects of Rationing in WWII - research paper

Memories of WWII - Chatroom set up for people who lived through the war to share their memories with others. Click on the archives and look for messages that deal with subjects from what it was like to live with rationing or what doodlebug bombs were like. Post your own questions

Songs of World War II - lyrics

Japan Bombs the West Coast - article from the History Net

Mothers and Day Care in WWII - article about life of mothers in Philadelphia

FDR's Foreign Policy - Outline

When Americans were Treated as Traitors - history of Japanese internment in Palo Alto area

Internment - links and information

Internment of Japanese Americans - photos and Supreme Court cases

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Famous People

Adolph Hitler - biography and vocabulary list

1938 Time Man of the Year - Read the original Time article on Hitler in 1938

The Life and Times of Winston Churchill - great site with articles, debates, FAQs and quotes

Winston Churchill - Short biography

His Finest Hour - Article from US News and World Report

Churchill Archives - Contains Churchill's papers, and the papers of those who have contributed to the history of the Churchill era.

Winston Churchill - Encyclopedia Britannica article

1940 Man of the Year - article on Churchill

Churchill: The Evidence - life and times

The Winston Churchill Home Page - biography

1939 Time Man of the Year - Original Time article on Stalin in 1939

1942 Time Man of the Year - Original Time artilce on Stalin

Franklin D. Roosevelt - Presidents of the US site

1941 Time Man of the Year - article on FDR

Harry S. Truman - Presidents of the US site

1945 Man of the Year - original Time article on Truman

Dwight D. Eisenhower - Presidents of the US site

President Eisenhower - Provides interesting facts about the avid golfer and peace lover. Includes a full biography and an WAV audio file of his 1952 Stump Speech.

Eisenhower and the Normandy Landing - hyperlinked article from Simon Wiesenthal Center

1944 Man of the Year - original Time article on Eisenhower

George Marshall - Encyclopedia Britannica article

1943 Man of the Year - original article from Time Magazine on George Marshall

The Strategists of War: George Marshall - US News and World Report article

Eisenhower: Father Figure - US News and World Report article

MacArthur - PBS site from The American Experience documentary

Douglas MacArthur: The Emperor - US News and World Report article

Douglas MacArthur - Encyclopedia Britannica article

Bernard Montgomery - PBS site from the American Experience documentary

Montgomery of El Alamein - Site devoted to the war in the Desert

Generals Douglas MacArthur and Dwight Eisenhower: Contrasts in Leadership - article

The George S. Patton General Headquarters - site of the George S. Patton Historical Society

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Personal Stories and Reminiscences

What did you do in the War, Grandma - has interviews with Rhode Island women done by High School students

In Memory of World War II - has lots of links and first person narratives from people in battles and on the Homefront

LookSmart American Memories - Links to reminiscences and stories from the American point of view

LookSmart British Memories - Links to reminiscences and stories from the British point of view

World War II Memories - stories of British soldiers

Soldiers - Online Magazine with stories from the war

The Personal Side of Guadalcanal - links to private memories

In Search of a Captive - Veteran reflects on his WWII experiences and his time at a Japanese internment camp. Find audio clips, and photos of the 50th VJ Day anniversary.

A War in Letters - The correspondence home from two men--an American Marine and a Japanese general--reveals how their destinies converged on a tiny Pacific island called Iwo Jima.

Oral History Project - 106 interviews done by Rutgers University

Childhood Memories of WWII in the Pacific - First person narrative

Jill and Al: Home Front and War Front - Correspondence between a young woman and her fiance throughout the war

Local Heroes - interviews with Australian veterans of the war

Why They Never Told Us - Memories from the Japanese internment camps

Children of the Camps - Sites related to the Japanese American experience during the war

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Codebreaking and Espionage

Navaho Code Talkers - Article

Navaho Codetalkers Exhibit - From National Security Agency

Prisoners of War - chart of statistics of numbers held

Codebreaking and Secret Weapons of World War II - good online book about Enigma, Radar, and Purple

The Secret War - Story of codebreaking at Bletchley Park

The Influence of Ultra in World War II - seminar given at Bletchley Park

Alan Turing Home Page - history of the man behind Britain's efforts to break the German code

The Making of Magic - history of the US breaking the Japanese code

The Enigma Machine - simulate use of the famous codebreaking machine plus information

Cryptography Course online - articles and lecture on Enigma

Cracking the Japanese Code - Dr. Jeffrey Greenhut recounts the intelligence efforts devoted to cracking the Japanese "Purple" code, and lists the effects of their success.

Spies and Secret Codes - good information from the Simon Wiesenthal Center with hyperlinks from Time Life Books

Carpetbagger Pages - Discusses the air units assigned to drop supplies and leaflets to the French Resistance. Features interviews, mission details, and contacts.

Spies and Spying in the US - Presents profiles of WWII American undercover agents

OSS and Wild Bill Donovan - Office of Strategic Services fought the intelligence war. Meet its unorthodox leader, study operations, and meet agents of the CIA forerunner

Special Operations Executive F Section - Idealistic young agents parachuted into Occupied France to organize resistance, but were usually captured and killed. Read biographies.

Special Operations Executive - Meet agents and soldiers who fought a secret war inside Occupied Europe. Details operations, weapons, and units that supported resistance groups.

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World War II Quiz - Multiple Choice Quiz on WWII from Groliers

The Nuremberg Trials - Documents from the trials

Nuremberg Trials - from the History Place

Costs, Casualties and Other Data - good statistical information on how much each country spent and how many casualties each side had

Contributions of Women and Minorities in WWII - links

Maps of World War II - Lots of images

More Maps of World War II - Dozens of images

World War Two Posters - Download images

Women in World War II - Brief info

Women at War - Information about women involved in the war and a few links to more information

Women Came to the Front - Online book about women journalists during the war

The Afro-American and WWII - Excerpts from a Black Newspaper during the war

World War Two Famous Quotations

Stalag Luft III - pictures and history of the Great Escape

World War Two Terms and Facts

World War Two Trivia

Tuskegee Airmen of World War II - History and timeline

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From World War Two to the Present

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Military History

USA History Wars - Information and links to big and small wars pre-20th century. The 20th century section is still under construction

Veterans and Military History - links to all sorts of information

Military History - information on wars and fighting from ancient times to the present, has information on history of weapons and naval and military history

Women in War - Information on women serving in war from the Revolution to Bosnia

Historical Text Archive - Links to military history sites

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General Links on American History

US History Quizzes - Many online multiple choice quizzes organized by subject, also including quizzes on presidents, designed for AP students, but worthwhile for less advanced students

A HyperHistory of the United States - online textbook, biographies, essays from colonial times to present

An Abridged History of the United States - Online Textbook by William Brinton

Budget Explorer - Do your own version of the Federal Budget

American History - Online magazine from the History Net

Time Page History Links - Links to every era of American history

US History for AP Students - test-taking tips, links and

AOL list of links - huge list of links relating to American history

History In Color - Over a 100 pictures from American History that have been colorized

History by Topic - Links to sites on the web about all periods of American history

History's Notecards - Identification notes for notecards for events from Colonial History to Reagan. Prepared for an AP history class. Wonderful source

Eyewitness to History - Experience events through the words of those who witnessed it: covers American history from the 18th century to the present

Black Quest Power Links - African American History, Culture and Black Studies Resources

National Archives - Links to famous documents in the National Archives

Historic Documents - Links to documents from Magna Carta to the present

Biographies - extensive biographies online of many figures in American history and culture

American History - Oodles of links on all sorts of subjects in American History

A Million Lives - links to thousands of sites on biographies of the famous and infamous. Organized alphabetically by individuals and also by period. Great site!

Timelines - timelines of all sorts of events from the Civil War to Walt Disney

Museum of Western Expansion - has information and links about the history of expansion in the 19th century

Links from Red Rock Elementary - wonderful links to every element of American history that you could think of as well as biographies of famous people

Who's Who in American History - Civil War to Present - Search their index for biographies of thousands of people

Biography on the Web - Links to sites dealing with biographies from Nobel Prize winners to women scientists. Good links.

History Sites - Great resource - links to sites on American history in the Twentieth Century, biographies. oral history sites

Hypertext on American History - American History from colonial times to the present

CSS Journal American History Links - Hundreds of links to sites relating to American History

Smithsonian Spotlight Biography - biographies of famous Americans from famous inventors to athletes to Civil War figures

History Buff's Home Page - Links on subjects from American history from famous crime figures to the Civil War

Hyperhistory Online - Click on a date and discover what was happening around the world on that date.

Today in History - Find out about today or check their archives

Alternate History Sites - Scenarios for what the world would be like if history were different; for example, what if the South had won the Civil War?

Some Alternate History Scenarios - WWII and Civil War alternate histories and more

The Story abour Building and Rebuilding the White House


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Educational Resources on the Web

NCSU Writing Lab: Grammar Hotline - Read their archives with grammar advice and e-mail any questions you have about grammar, spelling, punctuation, etc. to the Grammar Hotline at

Citation Machine - This is so cool! Just put in your information and it will put it in the correct bibliographical format

Documents Relating to American Foreign Policy - lots of links from Hiroshima to Present

The Associated Press Picture Archive - Hundreds of thousands of photographs going back over 150 years. To sign in use "carnage" (use lower case letters) as your user name and "photo" as the password.

Encyclopedia Britannica Online - What a great thing the internet is! What used to cost thousands of dollars and come in many volumes is now free online

NC Wise Owl - Access this extensive source of reference works from Grolier Online Encyclopedia to Almanacs, to dictionaries, maps, etc. The password for Infotrac is "wiseowl" The Grolier User Name is "920356" and the password is "school"

Bartlett's Quotations - Interactive Thesaurus

Quotation Links - Over 20 links to sites with quotations on the web

Merriam Webster Online - Online dictionary and thesaurus

Common Errors - Explanations of common grammar errors and misspellings

Guide to Grammar - Online explanation of grammar and punctuation rules

Resources on Writing on the Web - oodles of links to sites that will help you write better

Research - Information on writing a paper, links to paper topics, answers to common questions on grammar and punctuation

Kid Info - Site for helping students with homework. Lots of links to reference materials. Good for helping find the Question of the Week

Language Links on the Web - a wonderful list of sites relating to language: fun sites with puns, reference sites, grammar checks and dictionaries

Online Dictionaries on the Web - Search 2,910,725 words in 583 dictionaries

Starwright Resources - Many links for Dictionaries and Language, Etymology, Writing Resources - well-chosen and selective links

Writing Resources Page On Plagiarism - Definitions and examples

Plagiarism - Examples, definitions and pointers on how to avoid plagiarism

Quoteland - Site devoted to quotations

Words coined by Shakespeare - Find words that Shakespeare added to our language, links to Shakespeare sites

Geography Sites on the Web - Over 20 sites on the web devoted to geography

College Board Online - Access information on the SATs and AP tests

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(This list is constantly under construction. If you have a great site to add or notice a dead link, please e-mail me at