Mrs. Newmark's Page of History, Government, and Politics


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Question of the Week - APUSH and GoPo

Question of the Week - Euro

Summer Reading Page

Class Information

AP Euro America at War

AP United States Government and Politics

Lesson Units

Links on Government and Politics


AP United States History

Lesson Units

Links on United States History


AP European History

Lesson Units

Links on European History


America at War

Lesson Units

Links on the Revolution and Civil War


Advanced United States History

Lesson Units

Links on United States History


Civics and Economics

Lesson Units

Links for C & E



More Information

Quiz Bowl Page


My Background

More on History

Quotations About History

What Historians Do

This Day in U.S. History

Advanced Placement European History

Absolutism and Constitutionalism


Summer Assignment for 2020

Heretics and Heroes by Thomas Cahill:

The Assignment: Word version

Videos on The Medicis

Video One: Birth of a Dynasty and Video Two The Magnificent Medici

Join AP Classroom - I have the Join Code Number. Ask me if you lost it.

Review Chart Assignments 2019-2020


The Renaissance

Study Guide - The Renaissance

Chart on the 14th Century

Pico della Mirandola, "Oration on the Dignity of Man"

Castiglione, "The Book of the Courtier"

Machiavelli, "The Prince"

Video on Renaissance Art

Review Charts - The Renaissance

Renaissance Art Assignment - you may want to watch these videos at 1.25 or 1.5 speed

  1. The Palazzo Pubblico frescos: The Allegories of Good and Bad Government by Ambrogio Lorenzetti 1339 Khan Academy and Wikipedia and Visual Arts Famous Paintings and video
  2. The Arnolfini Marriage by Jan van Eyck 1434 video and Wikipedia and FamousPaintings
  3. The Garden of Earthly Delights by Hieronymous Bosch 1490 - 1510 Khan Academy and Wikipedia and slide-show commentary on Bosch's symbolism (You don't have to read through all of it; just pick a few examples to explain to the class. If you email me the slide URL, I'll add them to the powerpoint to show the class.)
  4. Creation of Adam by Michelangelo 1511 video one and video two and Wikipedia and
  5. School of Athens by Raphael 1510-1511video and Wikipedia and FamousPaintings
  6. Melencolia I by Albrecht Durer 1514 video and Wikipedia and KhanAcademy
  7. The Ambassadors by Hans Holbein the Younger 1533 videoand Wikipedia FamousPaintings

For fun, check out this Tumblr on Ugly Renaissance Babies

Portrait of Leonardo da Vinci by Cristofano dell'Altissimo,

The Reformations and Wars of Religion

Study Guide - The Reformations and Wars of Religion

The 95 Theses - edited

Reformation Roundtable

Witchcraft Simulation

Reading on Women and the Family by Carlos Eire

Impact of the Treaty of Westphalia

Montaigne "Of Cannibals"

Videos on Baroque art - feel free to watch in speeded-up settings.

Art History Genres: What is Baroque- this is information from a professor on Baroque art.

Madonna of the Rosary and the Counter Reformation

David vs. David: Michelangelo vs. Bernini

Art Parade IX: Baroque Art - Just relax and enjoy this video of Baroque art paired up with Baroque music.

You might enjoy this skit on The Treaty of Westphalia from a British comedy, "The Nearly Complete and Utter History of Everything"

Review Charts - The Reformations and Wars of Religion


Absolutism and Constitutionalism

Study Guide - Absolutism and Constitutionalism

Readings on Absolutism: Download and read your assigned reading

A. The Theory of Divine-Right Monarchy: Jean Domat (You can skip the passage by Jacques Benigne Bossuet)

B. James I's Speech on "The True Law of Free Monarchies"

C. Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan

Reading Quiz on the period leading up to the English Civil War

Documents leading up to the English Civil War

Excerpts from The Grand Remonstrance

Charles I's Proclamation on Religion

Charles I's Answer to the Grand Remonstrance

Monarchy: The Glorious Revolution

Reading/Viewing Quiz on Monarchy: The Glorious Revolution

The English Bill of Rights (Excerpts)

Black Adder Comedy Skit on the English Civil War


Art of the Dutch Golden Age

Dutch Painting in the Golden Age - pamphlet from the National Gallery of Art

Ted Talk on Vermeer's Girl with a Pearl Earring Vermeer Catalogue

Rembrandt paintings Wikipedia article on Dutch Golden Age Painting

Ted Talk on Las Meninas by Velazquez

Nicholas Poussin's The Rape of the Sabine Women

Video Links for Peter the Great

Land of the Tsars: Episode 6 (not assigned)

Land of the Tsars: Episode 7 (Start here at the 6:15 mark - or watch from the beginning at Episode 6 if you're interested - or watch the whole dang series for extra erudition!)

Land of the Tsars: Episode 8

Land of the Tsars: Episode 9

Land of the Tsars: Episode 10

Review Chart - Absolutism and Constitutionalism


From the Scientific Revolution to the Enlightenment

Study Guide: From the Scientific Revolution to the Enlightenment

Chart on the Enlightenment You can copy this and then fill it in.

Review Chart - From the Scientific Revolution to the Enlightenment

Enlightenment Salon Project

Links for William Hogarth Prints

The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Era

Study Guide: The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Era

Review Charts: The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Era

Petition of Women of the Third Estate

Petition of the Third Estate

What is the Third Estate?

Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen

Declaration of the Rights of Woman

Excerpts from Edmund Burke, Thomas Paine, Society of the Friends of Blacks and Petition of Jews of Paris

Levee en Masse Edict and Law of Suspects

Excerpts from the Code Napoleon

Video Questions on the French Revolution

Video on the French Revolution:

Chart comparing the Ancien Regime, French Revolution, and Napoleonic Era.

Napoleon - PBS Documentary (You may want to watch some of these episodes, especially from about the middle of Episode 2 on.)

Episode 1 "To Destiny"

Episode 2 "Mastering Luck"

Episode 3 "Summit of Ambition

Episode 4 "The End"

Animated map of Europe from the Congress of Vienna to 1848

Congress of Vienna Options Sheet


The Industrial Revolution and Ideologies

Study Guide on Industrial Revolution, Ideologies, and Upheavals

Romanticism Assignment

Sadler Commission excerpts

Ideologies Roundtable Assignment

Video on the Peterloo Massacre

Videos on the Potato Famine

When Ireland Starved: Causes of Poverty up to 26:30

When Ireland Starved: Managing the Famine 54:00 up to 1:21:43

(or you can watch this one) When Ireland starved: Managing the Famine Part 1, Part 2, Part 3

You might enjoy this comedy skit on how England used to vote.

Readings for Ideologies Assignment: Luddites, Liberalism, Conservatism, Self-Help and Conservatism, Utopian Socialists, Marxian Socialists


Reading on the Luddites

Luddites and Luddism

The Luddite Link

The Luddites and the Combination Acts


Rise, Decline, and Reemergence of Classical Liberalism

The Age of Ideologies

Adam Smith, Adam Smith at Spartacus

David Ricardo, Ricardo at the Concise Encyclopedia of Economics, David Ricardo's Contributions to Economics

Utilitarianism: Bentham and Mill

Utilitarianism Resources

C-Span series on de Tocqueville

Politics and Views of Alexis de Tocqueville

Jeremy Bentham at the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Jeremy Bentham

John Stuart Mill, John Stuart Mill at the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, John Stuart Mill at the Victorian Web

Benjamin Constant

Thomas Malthus


The Conservative Party

Joseph de Maistre: An Unusual Reactionary, brief biography

Prince Klemens von Metternich

Metternich and Conservatism - lecture from SMU

Self-Help and Capitalism

Andrew Ure

Dr. Andrew Ure: Pioneer Free Trader

Samuel Smiles

On the Origins of Self-Help - from The Economist

Utopian Socialists

Charles Fourier, the Fourier Archive

Robert Owen and Saint-Simon

Robert Owen

Robert Owen

Robert Owen at the Encyclopedia of Marxism

Saint-Simon at the Encyclopedia of Marxism

Proudhon Archive

Pierre Proudhon

Master of Paradox: Pierre-Joseph Proudhon

The General Idea of Proudhon's Revolution

Utopian Socialism

The Rise and Fall of Socialism

Marxian Socialists

The Rise and Fall of Socialism

Reflections on Karl Marx

Marx and Engels on the Utopian Socialists

Karl Marx on Proudhon

Friedrich Engels on Utopian Socialism

Review Chart: Industrial Revolution and Ideologies


Study Guide: Review for the Midterm

Review Study Guide Activity

Multiple Choice Review Activity


Reforms and Revolutions

Study Guide: Reforms and Revolutions

Review Chart: Reforms and Revolutions

The People's Charter

Chart - Revolutions of 1848

Reading Quiz on Revolutions of 1848

1848 by Mike Rapport

Zola and Dostoevsky, Belinsky's Letter to Gogol

Causes of the Crimean War

Video: Crimean War for Students

Nationalism and Unification

Study Guide: Nationalism and Unification

Review Chart: Nationalism and Unification

Giuseppe Mazzini, "Duties of Man"

Otto von Bismarck, "The Memoirs"

Eduard Bernstein, "Evolutionary Socialism"

V. I. Lenin, "Our Programme"

Anti-Semitism readings

Edouard Drumont, "Jewish France"

Theodor Herzl, "The Jewish State"

Excerpts from the artlce by Edward Acton - Russia: Tsarism and the West

Videos on Russian History:

Video One on Nicholas I and Alexander II

Video Two on Alexander II and Alexander III

Disraeli and Gladstone: Opposing Forces




Imperialism, The Great War, and Russian Revolution

Study Guide on Imperialism, the Great War, the Russian Revolution Study Guide Adjusted for Snow

Documents on Imperialism

Chart on New Imperialism by country

Review Chart: Imperialism, The Great War, and Russian Revolution

Chart on the Road to World War One

Video on the Alliance System

The Causes of WWI according to Blackadder

The Great War and Its Impact by Philip Bell

Animated History of the fighting on the Western Front

Handout on Crane Brinton's Anatomy of Revolution

Chart on Anatomy of Revolution

WWI: The War that Changed Everything, by Margaret MacMillan

Simulation of the Paris Peace Conference

Video on the Russian Revolution: Part 1(You can start Part I at 6 min 30), Part 2, Part 3, Part 4

Presentations on the Intellectual and Cultural Revolution

The Art Story - Good online textbook on modern art


Depression, Dictatorships, and World War Two

Study Guide: Depression, Dictatorships, and World War Two

Review Chart: Depression, Dictatorships, and World War Two

Benito Mussolini, "Born of a Need for Action"

Adolf Hitler, "Mein Kampf"

George Orwell's Review of Mein Kampf

Images from Soviet Gulags

Video on Aushwitz:

Part II: "Orders and Initiatives" - watch up to 22:57

Part VI: "Liberation and Revenge" - watch up to 36:06

Historians on the Nazis


The Post-War World

Study Guide: The Post-War World

Review Charts: The Post-War World

Reading on Beginnings of the Cold War - John Lewis Gaddis

Reading on Decolonization

Berlin Blockade

Nikita Khrushchev, "On the Cult of Personality and Its Consequences"

Europe's Economic Golden Age

1968 Reading

Reading from John Lewis Gaddis on Gorbachev and Reagan

Videos for this unit

Video on the 1968 Paris uprising

Video on the Prague Spring

Video on Detente

Video on Gorbachev and the End of the USSR from the Discovery Channel- Part 1 (Start at 2 min 47 seconds)

Video on Pope John Paul II's visit to Poland in 1979

Video on the Revolutions of 1989

Video on the Collapse of the Soviet Union

Obituary for Margaret Thatcher from The Economist

Thatcher Speech

Simone de Beauvoir, "The Second Sex"

Clip of Margaret Thatcher giving this speech. Note the feather duster.

Europe Discovers a New Geography

Five Possible Futures Faced by the Crisis-ridden European Union


Information for Model UN debate on decolonization

Declaration of the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960

Analysis of Declaration of the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples

Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples UN General Assembly Resolution 2105 (XX) 20 December 1965


Review for the AP Exam

Study Guide and Review Questions

Ideologies Bracket Challenge

Final Activities

Picking the Best Project

Greatest Britons

The Greatest Frenchmen

Unsere Besten - Our Best Germans

Greatest Irish Greatest Irish scientists

Greatest Italian of All Time

Top Spanish

Top Russians - top 12 My list from the top 50 Russians List in Russian

Greatest Poles

The Greatest Dutch

Greatest Americans

Overall list of shows spun off from greatest Briton

Final Exam Movie Project

Links for lists of movies that depict European History

Wikipedia list of historical dramas

Fordham List of Movies depicting Medieval Europe

Fordham List of Movies depicting Modern Europe

Europe is Not Dead: Movies of Europe

IMDB - History Choices- not sorted by American, Ancient, or European History

Discussion on College Confidential for best movies for AP Euro